偷拍女厕所撒尿全过程 视频
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      發泡餐具被淘汰的原因是什么?

      發泡餐具被淘汰的原因是什么?

      網址:http://www.wfzyl.com 手機頁面二維碼 2021-09-24 17:07:55    

      一次性聚苯乙烯發泡餐具難以降解,全面回收處理尚有一定的難度。為此,國家經貿委6號令已明確規定到2000年底全面禁止一次性發泡餐具,并提出了換代產品的基本要求,即具有易回收性和易降解性,新的降解餐具國家標準已在加緊制定之中,年內有望出臺。那么替代產品選什么合適呢?

      Disposable polystyrene foamed tableware is difficult to degrade, and it is still difficult to recycle it comprehensively. To this end, order No. 6 of the State Economic and Trade Commission has clearly stipulated that disposable foamed tableware will be banned by the end of 2000, and put forward the basic requirements for replacement products, that is, it is easy to recycle and degradable. The new national standard for degradable tableware has been stepped up and is expected to be issued within the year. So what is suitable for alternative products?
      為了回答這個問題,必須對以下問題有充分的了解后方能得出科學的結論。
      In order to answer this question, we must have a full understanding of the following questions before we can draw a scientific conclusion.
      (一)原料問題
      (1) Raw material problem
      快餐餐具是一次性消費用品, 使用周期短, 用量大, 因此原料來源應立足于國內,盡量減少原料進口,避免對外匯的依賴性和對市場變化的不可控性。像紙板餐具, 由于其原料以木漿為主, 而我國木材資源嚴重匱乏, 所以大量制作紙板餐具就不大符合我國國情。另外,對一些原料組成復雜,質量難于保證的產品也應加強監督管理。
      一次性環保餐具
      Fast food tableware is a disposable consumer product with short service cycle and large consumption. Therefore, the source of raw materials should be based on China, minimize the import of raw materials, and avoid dependence on foreign exchange and uncontrollability of changes in the international market. Like cardboard tableware, because its raw materials are mainly wood pulp, and China's wood resources are seriously scarce, making a large number of cardboard tableware is not in line with China's national conditions. In addition, supervision and management should also be strengthened for some products with complex raw material composition and difficult quality assurance.
      (二)生產現狀
      (2) Production status
      近幾年我國快餐業發展較快, 全國快餐具的用量已超過100億只, 每年以 6%以上的速度遞增。從目前市場使用情況看, 發泡PS餐具在近期內仍是快餐餐具的主流, 現有拉片機130多臺, 每年PS原料用量在10萬噸左右, 產能在120億只以上。聚丙烯(PP)類餐具的生產量目前并不大, 只在鐵路系統部分使用光/生物降解PP餐盒, 用量在3億只左右,但因在鐵路使用效果較好,已有不少企業在新上該類產品 。
      In recent years, China's fast food industry has developed rapidly. The consumption of fast tableware in China has exceeded 10 billion, increasing at a rate of more than 6% every year. From the current market use, foamed PS tableware is still the mainstream of fast food tableware in the near future. There are more than 130 tablet pullers, with an annual consumption of about 100000 tons of PS raw materials and a production capacity of more than 12 billion. At present, the production of polypropylene (PP) tableware is not large. Only about 300 million photo / biodegradable PP lunch boxes are used in the railway system. However, due to the good effect in railway, many enterprises have introduced this kind of products.
      紙板餐具和紙漿模塑餐具已有三十多家, 但是由于這些餐具無論從價格還是性能都不敵PS餐具, 所以大部分廠家處于停機狀態, 其產能估計在30億只左右。
      There are more than 30 cardboard tableware and pulp molded tableware, but because these tableware are inferior to PS tableware in terms of price and performance, most manufacturers are in shutdown, and their production capacity is estimated to be about 3 billion.
      其它類型餐具如草纖維類、全淀粉類雖有少量的生產能力,但還未正式進入市場,處于完善階段,估計產能在5億只左右。因此, 從目前生產能力看已大大過剩, 如目前進行投資建廠必須考慮快餐具的發展方向和市場競爭問題, 否則肯定會對企業造成巨大損失。
      Although other types of tableware such as grass fiber and whole starch have a small amount of production capacity, they have not officially entered the market and are in the stage of improvement. It is estimated that the production capacity is about 500 million. Therefore, from the current production capacity, there is a great surplus. If we invest and build a factory at present, we must consider the development direction and market competition of fast tableware, otherwise it will certainly cause huge losses to the enterprise.
      以上就是小編為您提供的關一次性環保餐具的知識,更多的精彩內容請您繼續關注我們的網站:http://www.wfzyl.com
      The above is the knowledge about disposable environment-friendly tableware provided by Xiaobian. Please continue to pay attention to our website for more wonderful contents: http://www.wfzyl.com

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